Vintage Base Ball is baseball presented as being played by rules and customs from an earlier period in the sport’s history. Games are typically played using rules and uniforms from the 1850s, 1860s and 1880s. Vintage baseball is not only a competitive game, but also a reenactment of baseball life similar to American Civil War reenactment.

Players dress in uniforms appropriate to the time period, and in fact many teams are direct copies of teams that existed in the late 1800s. The styles and speech of the 1800s are also used while playing vintage base ball. The game’s name is typically written “base ball” rather than “baseball”, as that was the spelling used before the 1880s.


Rules and game play

Although rules differ according to which playing year is being used, there are some mostly common rules differences between the modern game and vintage base ball. In rules of years prior to the 1880’s, the ball is pitched underhand in a manner suitable to the batter, or “striker.” There are typically no fences as base ball is mostly played in fields and green spaces. However, obstacles (e.g. trees, building, etc.) often come into play. In many of the rules sets the ball can be played off of one bounce to get a striker out. Catching the ball can be very difficult because no gloves are used.

This lack of gloves, the underhand pitching and other rules make vintage baseball similar to the sport of British Baseball. Because limited descriptive evidence exists to illustrate how live gameplay may have looked or sounded, researchers and vintage “ballists,” or ballplayers, engage in an ongoing interpretive discourse about how the game may have actually appeared.


There is continuous debate about such points of play as how frequently runners would steal bases, when sliding first became common and what it might have looked like, how strikers would hold or swing the bat, how the umpire‘s authority evolved, and how players would have conducted themselves on the field.

One commonly held interpretation is that gameplay was marked by a spirit of gentlemanly sportsmanship. Contemporary vintage ballists will often observe this custom through friendly gestures such as cheering good plays made by opposing players, assisting umpires with making calls at bases, and conducting organized cheers for opposing teams (and often for the umpire and “cranks,” or fans) at the conclusion of a match.

Unions on Bench

The politeness and sportsmanship observed in these games are more in keeping with the early days of baseball, which was considered a “gentleman’s game”. As the game progressed into professionalism in the 1870s, and money (and thus winning) became a primary motivator, the 19th century game became marked by rough play and cheating, which was relatively easy to accomplish, due to the lone umpire who might fail to see such infractions.

The Vintage Base Ball Association is an international association of vintage ball clubs which promotes the game through conferences, publications, message boards and links to leagues, clubs, tournaments and related activities in the United States and Canada.


1860s Rules and Customs
Base Ball is a Polite Game:

Matches are conducted according to the highest standards of sportsmanship, courteous behavior, and respect for others

There is no swearing, spitting, scratching, consumption of alcohol, chewing of tobacco, or wagering.

Players shall forbear from commenting on the umpire’s judgement.


The Umpire:

Calls foul tics immediately.

May ask players and cranks for assistance in making calls.

Does not call balls, and may call strikes, if deemed necessary.

Levies fines, on the spot, for disrespectful conduct


In Hurling:

The ball must be hurled underhanded, not jerked or thrown.

The ball must be delivered as near as possible over the the center of home plate, or any location desired by the striker.

A Striker is Out When:

A batted ball is caught on the fly or one bound off the ground.

A fielded ground ball is thrown to first base ahead of the striker’s sprint to the bag.

After three swinging or called strikes. Foul tics are not strikes.

Other Differences:

Players do not wear gloves or other protective equipment.

There is no sliding, leading off, stealing bases, or free overruns of first base.

Players crossing home plate safely must proceed to the tallykeeper’s table, place one hand on the table, raise the other hand and ask the tallykeeper to please tally his ace for his team. He is then instructed to strike the tally bell. Only then does his ace count.

A runner may advance at his own peril if the striker’s ball is caught on one bound on fair territory.

 Rabbit Running